Генуэзская крепость в Судаке. Статьи про путешествия на сайте http://countryscanner.ru/На Крепостной горе в Судаке, величественно возвышается Генуэзская крепость. Ежегодно это место привлекает миллионы туристов, находящихся на отдыхе в Крыму.

Возведение фортификационного сооружения началось в 1371 году и продлилось почти век. На время окончания строительства, крепость считалась неприступной. Укрепленная цитадель возвышалась на отвесных склонах, у подножия которых располагался искусственный ров, не сохранившийся до нашего времени.

Генуэзская крепость считается уникальным памятником истории. Это одно из немногих защитных сооружений построенных в Крыму, сохранившихся в достаточно хорошем виде.

История возведения крепости

По приданию, строительство цитадели было начато на месте более древних фортификаций, расположенных на горе Кыз-Кулле-Бурун еще в 212 году. Согласно другой версии, крепость была заложена в седьмом веке византийцами либо хазарами.

Основные защитные сооружения были воздвигнуты генуэзцами, после отвоевания колонии у венецианцев. Именно они построили совершенные оборонительные сооружения Судака. К сожалению, многие фрагменты пострадали в результате многочисленных войн и под действием времени.

О величии это места в древности, можно судить по уцелевшим храмам, главным воротам, башням и руинам складов и казарм. Все эти строения располагаются на территории в 30 гектар.

История и современность генуэзской крепости

В пятнадцатом веке крепость была захвачена турками, которые перестали осуществлять работы по ее ремонту. Спустя три века, Судак захватывают войска Российской империи. С этого момента, фортификационные сооружения приходят в полный упадок.

В настоящее время, территория крепости объявлена историко-архитектурным заповедником. Здесь проводятся археологические, реставрационные и культурные мероприятия.

Многие туристы слышали про путешествия в захватывающий мир рыцарей, в который можно погрузиться, посетив генуэзскую крепость.

Ежегодно тысячи поклонников рыцарской романтики и турниров, приезжают в августе на средневековый фестиваль «Генуэзский шлем». Для входа на территорию, допускаются зрители и участники, переодетые в тематические костюмы средневековья.

Достопримечательности крепости

Шедевр архитектуры – древняя мечеть поражает гостей крепости своими уникальными пропорциями, создавая ощущение легкости и простора. В здании мечети, отлично сохранившемся до наших дней, расположен музей. Центральная часть музея выполнена в виде строения в форме куба.

По соседству с мечетью можно увидеть комплекс сооружений, носящий название – Консульский замок. Именно в этих постройках располагалась резиденция консула, управляющего всей жизнью древнего Судака. По традиции, главным администратором выбирался член знатного генуэзского рода, ранее не ступавший на земли колонии. Это исключало злоупотребление властью.

Наивысшей точкой крепости – является Дозорная башня. Чтобы на нее взобраться, необходимо обладать крепкими нервами. Но, преодолев очень крутой подъем, можно увидеть поистине чарующую панораму, которая вознаградит смельчака за трудный путь.

 Источник http://countryscanner.ru/

256 thoughts on “Древняя крепость – жемчужина Судака

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