В первых веках уже нашей эры в греческих колониях в Северном Причерноморье вновь начался период подъема. Ольвия, которая была полностью разрушена гетами в середине I века до н. э., начала подниматься из руин, но это была бледная тень прежнего города. Во второй половине I века н. есть. она подчинялась скифским царям, а во II веке попала под власть Римской империи. Херсонес зависел поочередно то от Боспорского государства, то от Рима. Во второй половине I века на его территории был поставлен римский гарнизон, а в акватории Херсонесского гавани базировались корабли римской военной эскадры. Недалеко от нынешней Ялты была построена римская крепость Харакс - один из основных опорных пунктов римлян на Южном берегу Крыма. Рим стремился подчинить своему влиянию Боспор, но фактически тот хранил независимость.

Где отдохнуть? В Крыму или в Болгарии? Разница в том, что Самые недорогие визы в Болгарию стоят денег, а в Крым визы пока не нужны, а в целом уровень сервиса и условия для отдыха примерно те же, но решать вам.

В дальнейшем в экономическом, политическом и культурном жизни греческих колоний все большую роль стали играть представители местного населения, главным образом сарматы. Начал стремительно сокращаться связь колоний со Средиземноморьем, в основном отношения (главным образом, торговые) поддерживались с городами Южного Причерноморья. В середине III века античные города подверглись опустошительному нашествию готов. Ольвия пришла в полный упадок и больше так и не смогла подняться. На Боспоре готы и союзные им племена временно захватили власть и сделали его базой для набегов на побережья Черного и Эгейского морей. Успешнее сопротивлялся готам Херсонес, который, видимо, в конце III века вошел в состав Римской империи. Примерно в то же время начался стремительный упадок Боспорского государства, катастрофически сократились объемы торговли, начали «умирать» ремесла, состоялась натурализация хозяйства. Наконец в IV веке на Северное Причерноморье обрушились опустошительные захватнические походы гуннов, и завершили упадок причерноморских колоний. Античные города на территории Северного Причерноморья сыграли огромную роль в истории не только Украины, но и народов Восточной Европы в целом. Они послужили своеобразными проводниками самых передовых для того времени социально-экономических отношений и культуры, «связными» между местными народами и центрами античного мира Средиземноморья.

37 thoughts on “Эллинизация Причерноморья: период подъема. Ольвия

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