В 1475 турки покорили Крым и переименовали крепость с поселением, которое находилось под ее защитой, в Инкерман (пещерная крепость). Мусульмане значительно перестроили укрепления - стены были утолщенные по внешней стороне, вырублен ров, построенный Барбакан, надвратная башня утолщенный с напольной стороны, а каземат для гармат построен над тоннелем ворот. От неправильной в плане (что повторяла все естественные изгибы вершины скалы) фортификации до сих пор сохранились фрагменты шести крепостных башен и мало понятны фундаменты зданий внутреннего двора. Надвратная (проезжая) башня расположена на самом краю высокого стремительного обрыва над Инкерманский долиной с руслом Черной. Следующая башня очень близко стоит к ней (на расстоянии всего 12 м). Башня №2 такого же типа, как и башни крепости Чембало - квадратная изнутри и снаружи полукруглая сохранилась на высоту около 12 м, от нее начинается вырублен в скале глубокий ров, во внешней стороне которого вырублены пещеры, о назначении которых возникают споры среди исследователей. Угловая башня №3 (почти квадратная в плане - 12 x 13 м) выступала вперед за линию стен и была особенно укреплена, но сейчас очень разрушена. Рекомендуем взять туры в Крым из СПб для посещения Инкермана. Лучше других сохранился Барбакан - башня №4, вынесенная вперед за ров, благодаря чему была отдельной функционироующей крепостной постройкой. С основным ограждением ее соединяла стена, проложенная поперек рва, по ее верху защитники могли переходить в крепость из башни. В плане башня представляет собой неправильной формы овал (11 х 13 м), с обращенной к крепости плоской стороной. У башни №5 в стене была оборудована калитка для вылазок гарнизона. Сначала здесь были въездные ворота, которые перенесли на нынешнее место после создания рва. От ворот по внутренней территории крепости проходила улица, по сторонам которой угадываются следы зданий.

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