В 1941 году органы НКВД провели первую депортацию по национальному признаку - с формулировкой «за пособничество гитлеровским оккупантам» из Крыма было выселено около 50 000 немцев, предки которых поселились здесь еще в конце XVIII века. Это было только начало. Во время гитлеровской оккупации в Крыму были уничтожены практически все евреи и караимы. В течение мая-июня 1944 по решению Государственного Комитета Обороны (т.е. лично Сталина) на спецпоселение в Узбекистан было отправлено более 225 000 крымских татар, болгар, армян и греков. Это была катастрофа не только демографическая, но и экономическая. За годы войны население полуострова уменьшилось вдвое и составляло чуть более 600 000 человек, а после депортации крымских татар - около 400 000. Это привело к тому, что летом осенью 1944 года в большинстве крымских сел просто некому было собирать урожай. Подобная ситуация сохранялась и в последующие годы. Например, в 1950 году Крым продал государству зерна почти в пять раз меньше, чем в 1940-м.

Рекомендуем лучшие спортивные комплексы в Краснодаре с широким комплексом услуг. Вы найдете любой спортивный комплекс среди широкого ассортимента услуг.

Как считают некоторые специалисты, именно причины стали одним из мотивов передачи Крымской области (изменение статуса с автономного на о-ласной была проведена в 1945 году) из состава РСФСР в состав УССР. Определенную роль играла и либерализация национальной политики, началась после смерти Сталина. Еще одна возможная причина - желание Хрущева и его сторонников заручиться поддержкой мощнейшей парторганизации Украины в борьбе за свои позиции в государстве. Следует отметить, что передача Крыму не была единоличным решением Хрущева. Не советуясь ни с кем, Никита Сергеевич мог пойти на это года в 1958-м или в 1960-м, но никак не в начале 1954. Позиции Хрущева, недавно ставший главой государства, были недостаточно сильны, чтобы единолично решать судьбу такого стратегически важного региона, как Крым. Очевидно, принимая это решение, он, как минимум, должен был посоветоваться с представителями старой партийной гвардии - Маленковым, Булганиным, Молотовым, Ворошило ным, Кагановичем. Хронологически и юридически передача Крыма была оформлена следующими документами и решениями.

33 thoughts on “Передача Крымской области из состава РСФСР в состав УССР:

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