[caption id="attachment_42266" align="alignleft" width="300"]Ифигения в Тавриде, Валентин Серов. 1893г. Ифигения в Тавриде, Валентин Серов. 1893г.[/caption]Сменив перед этим четыре квартиры, Леся Украинка прожила пять месяцев у доктора М. С. Дерижанова на вилле «Ифигения» — с января по май 1898 г. Уже 1 января 1898 г. в письме к своей сестре О. П. Косач, помеченном «Villa Iphigenia», Леся пишет: «...здесь очень красиво, а главное приятно, что широкий очень вид, как есть на все четыре стороны, и даже моря довольно много видно...» Как сегодня в Кирилловка отдых цены на который вполне доступны. Однако были и неудобства: «...сегодня что-то подуло снова, как бы не ударили холода, ибо тогда у меня здесь будет так холодно, как, наверное, бывало у самой Ифигении в то время, как она была r Тавриде жрицей холодной богини Дианы — ведь в те времена даже железных печек не было!... В моей комнате дыхание дымится, как фимиам «на алтаре величавой богини»... 21 февраля 1898 г. Леся торопится обрадовать мать: «Теперь я уже снова вернулась в нормальное состояние и за это должна благодарить г. Дерижанова... Когда я сравниваю то время, как я лежала больная у Лищинской, и то, как ко мне отнеслись здесь и господин и госпожа Дерижановы, то я вижу, что я не вдвое, а в сто раз лучше устроена здесь!» Поэтесса чувствовала себя в этом доме, как в родной семье. В знак благодарности она вышила Дерижанову украинскую сорочку, а его жене, которую ласково называла • Катюшей и «славной девочкой», подарила «XII шумку» М. Завадского *.(* Имеется в виду народная песня в обработке украинского композитора.) Теплая душевная обстановка в доме, окружавшая Лесю, необыкновенная красота виллы и живописность окружающей природы пробудили творческое вдохповение поэтессы. Здесь она переводит Байропа и Шекспира, пишет свое первое драма турі ическое произведение «Ифигения в Тавриде». Надо сказать, что в краеведческую литературу о Крыме прочно вошел древнегреческий миф об Ифигепии. Согласно мифу, Ифигения — дочь царя Агамемнона, предводителя греков в Троянской войне— была принесена в жертву богине охоты Артемиде (в римской мифологии — Диана) и та перенесла ее в Тавриду, в храм тавров, где совершались человеческие жертвоприношения и где она служила жрицей. Сюжет мифа об Ифигении в Тавриде творчески использован корифеями мировой культуры как в древности (со времен великих греческих трагиков), так и в нашем XX в. О храме богини Диапы писал А. С. Пушкин в послании «Чаадаеву» («К чему холодные сомненья?»). Позволим себе небольшое отступление — затронутая нами тема заслуживает особого разговора или хотя бы краткой справки. Об этом в следующей статье. Лит.: Наталия Гурьянова. // Вилла «Ифигения».

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137 thoughts on “Вилла «Ифигения»: Леся Украинка у доктора М. С. Дерижанова на вилле

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