[caption id="attachment_56929" align="alignleft" width="300"]Фото: avdet.org Фото: avdet.org[/caption] Национальная одежда – это не просто дань обычаям своего народа, ведь она отражает его душу и уникальную культуру, имеющую глубокие корни. Сегодня каждый народ знает и гордится своими национальными костюмами, понимая всю значимость этой неотъемлемой составляющей родных традиций. Особенно чтят свои традиции крымские татары, ведь этот народ испокон веков уважает своих родителей и предков, любит свою землю и никогда не забывает о своей истории и происхождении. Поэтому сегодня мужчины гордо носят на деловых встречах утонченные смокинги , а на традиционные праздники с радостью надевают национальные наряды.

Национальная одежда крымских татар заслуживает особого внимания, ведь для ее пошива использовали домотканые материалы, которые собственноручно изготавливали трудолюбивые женщины. Их же руками шилась одежда и для себя, и для всей семьи. Кожа и шерсть – те материалы, без которых невозможно представить себе традиционный костюм этого народа.

Одежда крымско-татарских женщин

Женщина – образец чистоты и покорности, трудолюбия и грациозности. Именно поэтому ее костюм был продуман с ног до головы, в их убранстве не существовало мелочей.

Женское убранство невозможно было представить без кетен-кольмек – это широкие, просторные и довольно длинные рубашки, доходящие до колен. Они могли быть холщовыми или хлопчатобумажными. Также невозможно представить себе традиционное убранство женщин без длинных изящных платьев (атер), которые имели широкие рукава. Надев такое платье, девушка смотрелась просто неподражаемо в танце. Нельзя не упомянуть и про цветные шаровары (шалвар), которые доходили до ступни и завязывались вокруг щиколоток шнурком.

Большое внимание девушки уделяли и верхней одежде. Чего только стоят розовые или малиновые кафтаны, украшенные серебристыми вставками.

Крымские татарки всегда очень красиво украшали голову. Волосы, заплетенные в тонкие косички, покрывали бордовой шапочкой из бархата (фес). Такие шапочки смотрелись очень нарядно, ведь их принято было украшать мелкими монетками, расшивать золотистыми и серебристыми нитями. Сверху головного убора накидывается белая ткань, расшитая по краям.

Особенности мужской национальной одежды

Национальный мужской костюм нельзя было представить без кольмек – рубахи с косым воротом. Она заправлялась в широкие шаровары, которые обязательно подвязывались широким кушаком красного либо зеленого цвета. Мужчины должны были покрывать голову невысокой шапкой из шерсти барашка в холодное время года, а летом носили тюбетейку или красный фес.

Неотъемлемой частью мужского национального костюма является илик – короткая безрукавка, внешне похожая на жилетку, которая пошита из бархатной ткани и декорирована золотистыми нитями. Зимой крымские татары носили камзолы и кафтаны их домотканого полотна. В сильный холод мужчины надевали тулупы из овчины или куртки.

Сегодня ничего не мешает мужчине смокинг купить, а женщине – элегантное вечернее платье. Однако красивые и колоритные национальные костюмы навсегда останутся предметом гордости крымских татар.

174 thoughts on “Традиционная одежда крымских татар

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